Pianos were invented around the 1700s. They work similarly to the clavinet, and the harpsichord, which had long been used before the piano.
I feel funny attempting to describe a piano’s sound since it is so prevalent. The first way I think of describing a piano is to say “well, it sounds like a piano!” It has a pretty quick attack usually and has a pretty crisp, clean tone. You can hear it in the great classical works of Beethoven and Mozart, on Classic Rock tunes like the Doors “LA Woman,” and most of Billy Joel and Elton John’s songs. It is used in Pop, Country, Hip Hop, and pretty much any genre you can think of.
Some Well Known Brands of Pianos
Steinway & Sons
Mason & Hamlin
How Does a Piano Work?
They are similar to the clavinet and harpsichord in how they work. In all of these instruments, a key on a pendulum strikes a metal string when the user’s side of the key is pushed down. But in the case of a harpsichord, the key actually “picks” a string like a guitar when the key Is pushed, but I digress.
When a key is pushed, a hammer strikes a string at the same time that the damper releases from the string. When the finger is taken off the key it returns to its original position with that hammer backed way off, and the damper resting on the string, silencing the note.
Photo by Olek Remesz / CC BY-SA 3.0
Number 1 points to the key. Further to the right of this key is where the piano player will push the key down, rocking the left end upward. The pink area at the left end of the key will lift 14, which pushes up the damper 15. This allows the string 16 to vibrate.
At the same time, pushing the key has knocked the hammer shaft 10 up. The q-tip looking head next to 10 is a felt covered hammer that hits the string 16. The string is now vibrating, and a note is heard.
When the note is released, the felt hammer is in its lowered position and 15 is also in its lowered position, stopping the strings vibrations.
Most pianos also have a sustain pedal, meaning that even after the finger is taken of the key, the notes are not muffled and ring out for a long time. When a sustain pedal is pushed by the foot, all the dampers are forced away from all the strings. This means that when a finger is taken off a key, the damper does not return to its original position.
Allowing notes to sustain can be a pretty effect, but if used too much, the notes may start to blend together and become indistinguishable. For this reason, working the sustain pedal is kind of an art.
Sound of Piano
Sound of Piano with Foot on Sustain Pedal
Why Did I Write This Article?
What I really want to do is make sure you can distinguish between Different Keyboard Sounds in a song. I think most people could identify a piano, but I didn’t want to leave it out, since it is so fundamental.
The electric piano sound, however, is one that not everybody can identify. So, I will talk about it in depth in my next keyboards article. See you then!